Having a healthy family, both physically and mentally is the dream of every family in the world. Well, a healthy family comes from a healthy home. A good house, does not have to be large and luxurious, but must meet health requirements, so that the residents can move comfortably. According to Winslow, a healthy home has several criteria, which can meet physiological and psychological needs; and can avoid accidents and disease transmission.
In order for the (occupants) of the home to be healthy, there are a number of things to note:
1. Have Air Ventiation
Healthy homes must have adequate air ventilation, so that air circulation is smooth and the air becomes fresh. Air ventilation keeps oxygen levels in the house while maintaining the humidity of the house. Create air ventilation through the window opening. Air ventilation in the house will be maximized with a cross ventilation system or cross ventilation. If this is not possible, ventilation can be made through the air holes.
A healthy home must have sufficient natural lighting. Houses that lack sunlight are very damp and uncomfortable and prone to germs. Generally, natural light is obtained through a window, but if not possible, light can be obtained from glass tiles.
3. Floor Healthy Home
Water-resistant flooring is a requirement for a healthy home. The material can vary: tile, cement, wood or ceramic. Dusty or muddy floors, besides being uncomfortable, can also become a den of disease. The choice of floor material is very important. For example, slippery floor tiles can cause residents to slip.
4. Free of Disturbing Animals
Residents should keep every corner of the house free from intruding animals such as rats, cockroaches, lizards, and others. These animals are always trying to find food and nests in the house so you and your family have to really go the extra mile to get rid of it.
5. Roof and ceiling
Clay tile is best suited for homes in tropical regions like Indonesia, because it is more able to absorb the sun’s heat. We recommend that you avoid using zinc or asbestos roofs, because it can cause the air to get hot. The height of the ceiling of the house must also be considered.
6. Waste Disposal
Every day, the house produces bathroom, kitchen, and trash waste. Healthy homes must have a septic tank and waste water disposal that does not pollute the soil and groundwater and is odorless. The position of the septic tank should be made as far as possible with a water pump. Every healthy house has a closed landfill so as not to pollute the surrounding environment. Make two bins: for organic and inorganic waste.
7. Clean water
Healthy homes must meet the needs of clean water for its inhabitants, which is a minimum of 60 liters per day per person – for drinking, bathing, washing, and others.
8. Pollution and Contamination
The most pollution produced by homes comes from kitchen smoke. For this reason, the house should have smoke removal so as not to pollute another room. Also avoid the use of paint from hazardous materials, which has the potential to interfere with the respiratory system of occupants.